Veille – Publication : M. Choudhury & D.J. Watkins (eds.) « Belief and Politics in Enlightenment France: Essays in Honor of Dale K. Van Kley » (Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2019)
Written in honor of Dale K. Van Kley, leading specialist on religion and politics in the Old Regime and the French Revolution, these essays examine how Jansenist belief shaped enlightenment ideas, cultural identities, social relations and politics in France throughout the long eighteenth century. Van Kley’s work has invited scholars to think beyond the traditional parameters of the Enlightenment and to consider how religious faith functioned in the broader context of Old Regime, Revolutionary, and post-Revolutionary France.
In different ways, each essay challenges the idea of an inherent opposition between faith and Enlightenment, which likewise equates modernity with secularization. The authors within this volume address two main questions. Firstly, how did religious belief continue to shape identities and experiences in the long eighteenth century? Secondly, how does this narrative of enduring religious belief in eighteenth-century France help historians rethink the Enlightenment and the French Revolution?
The various methodologies used by the contributors illustrate how belief, Enlightenment, and Revolution coexisted and indeed co-mingled in different contexts: politics and political culture, the social and cultural history of ideas, and the history of material culture.
Table of Contents:
List of illustrations
List of abbreviations
Mita Choudhury and Daniel J. Watkins, Introduction
I. Belief, Enlightenment, and the political culture of the Old Regime
Jeffrey D. Burson, Entangling the “century of lights” to disentangle the Enlightenment
Daniella Kostroun, Reflections of Jansenism in North America: La Salle and his letters
David A. Bell, A lawyer and a citizen revisited: the case of Claude-Joseph Prévost (1674–1753)
Mita Choudhury, Masculinity and faith in the eighteenth century: comparing François de Pâris and Jean-Baptiste Girard
Carolina Armenteros, Jesuits of India: adapting Van Kley’s “Religion and the age of ‘patriot’ reform” to South Asia
Thomas E. Kaiser, From the parti dévot to the parti du roi: royalist ideology, foreign policy, and the recrystallization of court faction at the accession of Louis XVI
David Garrioch, Varieties of religious behaviour in eighteenth-century Paris: the material culture of leaders of confraternities
II . Belief in a Revolutionary age
Johnson Kent Wright, Religion, Enlightenment, and revolution: the Van Kley thesis
Jeffrey Ryan Harris, Jansenism, popular sovereignty, and the general will in the pre-Revolutionary crisis
Monique Cottret, Jansenism during the Revolution: the Nouvelles ecclésiastiques in the face of dechristianization
Valérie Guittienne-Mürger, The “Ides of August 1814”: the Jansenists and the image of Port-Royal in the anti-Jesuitism of the Restoration
Daniel J. Watkins, A suppression revisited: Jansenism, conservatism, and the anti-Jesuit ordinances of 1828
Dale K. Van Kley, Writing religion into the French century of lights: the confessions of a Protestant historian of the Catholic Jansenist controversy
Mita Choudhury is professor of History at Vassar College. Her publications have focused on eighteenth-century French politics, religion, and gender.
Daniel J. Watkins is assistant professor of History at Baylor University. His research focuses on the cultural and intellectual history of eighteenth-century France and the Catholic Church.